Massacred for Gold, The Chinese In Hells Canyon by R. Gregory Nokes

St.Petersburg(圣彼得堡)
St. Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербург; Saint Petersburg), located in the northwest of Russia, along the Baltic Sea and the Neva estuary, between 59 ° ~ 60 ° north latitude and 29 ° ~ 30 ° east longitude, is the central municipality of Russia, the capital of Leningrad state, the central city of Northwest Russia, an important land and water transportation hub in Russia, and the northernmost city in the world with a population of more than one million, Also known as the "northern capital" of Russia. St. Petersburg is also the headquarters of the Russian Federation naval fleet. St. Petersburg is the second largest city in Russia, with an area of 1439 square kilometers, including an urban area of 606 square kilometers. Founded in 1703, St. Petersburg has a history of more than 300 years. The city name comes from St. Peter, the disciple of Jesus. Peter I moved his capital to Petersburg in 1712. It was the center of Russian culture, politics and economy for more than 200 years until 1918. In 1924, it was renamed Leningrad in memory of Lenin, and its original name was restored to St. Petersburg in 1991. St. Petersburg and the historic center have become UNESCO World Heritage sites. St. Petersburg occupies an important position in the Russian economy and is a large comprehensive industrial city. St. Petersburg is often called the most westernized city in Russia. It is the window from Russia to Europe. Many foreign consulates, multinational corporations, banks and other business strongholds are located in St. Petersburg. It is also an international city with high development of science, technology and industry.
圣彼得堡(俄语:Санкт-Петербург;英语:Saint Petersburg),位于俄罗斯西北部,波罗的海沿岸,涅瓦河口,处于北纬59°~60° 、东经29°~30°之间,是俄罗斯的中央直辖市,列宁格勒州的首府,俄罗斯西北地区中心城市,全俄重要的水陆交通枢纽,是世界上人口超过百万的城市中位置最北的一个,又被称为俄罗斯的“北方首都”。圣彼得堡也是俄罗斯联邦海军舰队的总部所在地。圣彼得堡是俄罗斯第二大城市,面积1439平方公里,其中市区面积606平方公里。圣彼得堡始建于1703年,已有300多年的历史,市名源自耶稣的弟子圣徒彼得。1712年彼得一世迁都到彼得堡,一直到1918年的200多年的时间里这里都是俄罗斯文化、政治、经济的中心。1924年为纪念列宁曾更名为列宁格勒,1991年又恢复原名为圣彼得堡。圣彼得堡和历史中心古迹群构成为联合国教科文组织世界遗产。圣彼得堡市在俄罗斯经济中占有重要地位,是一座大型综合性工业城市。圣彼得堡经常被称为俄罗斯最西方化的城市,是俄罗斯通往欧洲的窗口,许多外国领事馆、跨国公司、银行和其他业务据点均位于圣彼得堡,也是一座科学技术和工业高度发展的国际化城市。
Savannah(萨凡纳)
Savannah is a port and tourist city on the Atlantic coast of Georgia. Located in southeast Georgia, Savannah estuary. Population 510000 (2013). Savannah is the oldest city in the state and has become a major port in the United States since the early 19th century. Savannah is the economic center, tourism center and education center in southeastern Georgia and southern South Carolina. It is a famous export port of cotton and tobacco in the United States. There are aircraft, cotton spinning, sugar making, pulp, paper making, food, shipbuilding and other industries. There are ancient colonial buildings. Every year, millions of tourists come to Savannah to visit its unique urban buildings and historical blocks. The downtown area of Savannah, including Savannah historical block, Savannah Victoria historical block and 22 garden squares, is one of the largest national historical landmark areas in the United States. The original town planning settings of James Oglethorpe, the founder of Savannah's original urban planning, are retained to the greatest extent. Savannah is also the host city of the sailing competition of the 1996 Atlanta Summer Olympic Games! Savannah was selected as "the most popular travel destination city in the United States" and "the best quality of life and travel experience tourism destination" by Travel & Leisure magazine.
萨凡纳(Savannah)是美国佐治亚州大西洋岸港口及旅游城市。位于佐治亚州东南部,萨凡纳河口。人口51万(2013)。萨凡纳是该州历史最悠久的城市,自19世纪早期以来成为美国的一个主要港口。萨凡纳是乔治亚州东南部和南卡罗来纳州南部的经济中心、旅游中心和教育中心。为美国著名的棉花、烟草输出港。有飞机、棉纺、制糖、纸浆、造纸、食品、造船等工业。留有殖民时代古建筑。每年,数以百万的游客来到萨凡纳,游览其独特的城市建筑及历史街区风貌。萨凡纳市中心区域,包括了萨凡纳历史街区、萨凡纳维多利亚历史街区和22个花园式广场,是美国最大的国家级历史地标区域之一。最大程度的保留了萨凡纳城市最初规划创始人-杰姆斯奥格尔索普( James Oglethorpe)-原有的城镇规划设置。萨凡纳也是1996亚特兰大夏季奥运会帆船比赛的举办城市!萨凡纳市被美国《旅行&休闲 Travel + Leisure》杂志评选为“美国最受欢迎的旅行目的地城市”,以及“最佳生活质量及旅行体验旅游目的地”。
Waycross(韦克罗斯)
Vicross College (vicross) was founded in 1976. It is located in Waycross, Georgia, with superior geographical location and beautiful environment. The University offers undergraduate degree education with 989 students. As a university recognized by the Ministry of education of China... Vicross College (vicross) is a two-year community college. The college was established in 1976. Its main purpose is to prepare these residents for entering a regular university. That is, after completing two years of junior college, it will be promoted to a four-year university to complete the bachelor's degree. Vicross college has established credit transfer partnerships with Savannah State University, southwest Georgia State University, Albany State University, Valdosta State University and South Georgia College.
维克罗斯学院(维克罗斯)创办于1976年,坐落于佐治亚州,Waycross,地理位置优越,环境优美。该校开设本科层次的学位教育,在校学生人数989人,作为被中国教育部认可的大学...维克罗斯学院(维克罗斯)是一所两年制的社区学院。该学院建立于1976年,它的办学面对周围社区的居民,主要目的是为这些居民提供进入常规大学的准备,即完成该学院两年的专科学习以后,升入四年制的大学完成学士学位的课程。维克罗斯学院建立转学分合作关系的院校包括萨凡纳州立大学 、西南乔治亚州立大学 、奥尔巴尼州立大学 、瓦尔多斯塔州立大学和南乔治亚学院。
Champaign-Urbana(香槟分校)
The University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign (UIUC), founded in 1867, is located in the quiet twin cities of Urbana Champaign, Illinois. It is a famous public research university in the United States. The school is a founding member of the "big ten" and a member of the American Association of universities (AAU), known as the "public Ivy League". Among the alumni and professors, 30 won the Nobel Prize and 25 won the Pulitzer Prize, second only to the University of California, Berkeley. UIUC engineering enjoys a high reputation in the world. Almost all majors rank among the top 10 in the United States, including electrical, civil engineering, materials and environment; Second in Computer Science in the United States; The major of information science ranks first in the United States all the year round; Accounting majors rank among the top three in the United States. UIUC alumni have created or participated in the creation of world-famous companies and it products such as Tesla, Oracle, youtube, PayPal, AMD and yelp, as well as programming languages such as JavaScript and swift. The University also has the second largest university library in the United States.
伊利诺伊大学厄巴纳-香槟分校(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign,缩写为UIUC)创建于1867年,坐落于伊利诺伊州幽静的双子城厄巴纳–香槟市,是一所美国著名公立研究型大学。该校是美国“十大联盟(Big Ten)”创始成员,美国大学协会(AAU)成员,被誉为“公立常春藤” 。校友和教授中有30位获得诺贝尔奖,25位获得普利策奖,在美国公立大学中仅次于加州大学伯克利分校。UIUC工科专业在全球享有盛誉,几乎所有专业均位列全美前十 ,其中电气、土木、材料、环境位列全美前五;计算机专业全美第二;信息科学专业常年位居全美第一;会计学专业位列全美前三 。UIUC校友创建或参与创建了特斯拉、甲骨文(Oracle)、Youtube、Paypal、AMD、Yelp等世界知名的公司和IT产品,以及JavaScript、Swift等编程语言。该校还拥有全美第二大大学图书馆。
RockIsland(岩岛)
Rock Island refers to an isolated island surrounded by water after some rock (stratum) blocks remain in the riverbed due to the crustal movement and the difference of rock properties. It is called Rock Island. It is often seen in the middle and upper reaches of rivers. It stands against the water and is the mainstay of majestic momentum. Changmenyan island is located in the depths of the Yellow Sea, with an area of only 0.16 square kilometers. It is a "four no islands" without fresh water, residents, flights and regular electricity. There are 495 winter resistant trees on the island, which are between 200 and 830 years old. The trees are evergreen all the year round and bloom in winter and summer. When the flowers bloom, the island is red and enchanting. Changmen rock is named "winter resistant island".
岩岛是指由于地壳运动,岩石性质的差异,经过流水的侵蚀,一些岩石(地层)块体残留在河床中,成为四面环水的孤岛,叫岩岛。它多见于河流的中上游,迎水而立,中流砥柱气势雄伟。长门岩岛位于黄海深处,面积仅0.16平方千米,是个无淡水、无居民、无航班、无常明电的“四无小岛”。岛上生长着495棵树龄在200至830年间的耐冬,此树四季常青,冬夏两季开花。花开时小岛红透,分外妖娆。长门岩因而得名“耐冬之岛”。
EastSt.Louis(东圣路易斯)
East St. Louis is a city in St. Clair County, Illinois, USA. It is located on the Mississippi River and across the river from St. Louis, covering an area of 37.3 square kilometers. According to the 2000 U.S. Census, there were 31542 people, of which 97.74% were African Americans and 1.23% were whites. It is one of the worst security areas in the United States. At night, people dare not walk in the street for fear of theft and robbery. Iron doors and windows are rarely installed in other parts of the United States. A large number of iron doors and windows can be seen in East St. Louis. The house is mainly white. Desolate, shabby and scattered.
东圣路易斯(East St. Louis)是美国伊利诺伊州圣克莱尔县的一座城市,位于密西西比河畔,与圣路易斯隔河相望,面积37.3平方公里。根据美国2000年人口普查,共有31,542人,其中非裔美国人占97.74%、白人占1.23%。是美国治安最差的地区之一。晚上人们都不敢在街上行走,怕被偷盗,抢劫。在美国别的地区很少装铁门,铁窗,在东圣路易斯可以看见大量的铁门、铁窗。房屋以白色基调为主。荒凉、破旧,零零散散。
Aurora(奥罗拉)
Aurora (Colorado) is the third largest city in Colorado (population 297235 in 2005) and the largest city in Arapaho county. Some are located in Adams County and Douglas County. It opened in 1891, formerly known as Fletcher. It was renamed in 1907. The city is the 56th largest city in the United States, with rapid development. It has great potential in both economic development and tourism.
奥罗拉(Aurora, Colorado)是美国科罗拉多州第三大城市(2005年人口297,235人)、阿拉帕霍县最大的城市。一部分分别位于亚当斯县和道格拉斯县。1891年开埠,原名费莱彻。1907年改名。该城市为美国第56大城市,发展迅速,无论是经济发展,还是旅游业都比较具有潜力。
ChicagoSuburbs(芝加哥郊区)
Chicago, located in the south of Lake Michigan, is the third largest city in the United States and one of the international financial centers in the world. Chicago is located in the center of the North American continent. The coordinates of the city center are 41 ° 39 'north latitude and 87 ° 34' west longitude. It is the largest business center and one of the largest futures markets in the United States. The number of new enterprises in its metropolitan area has always ranked first in the United States and has been rated as the most balanced economy in the United States. In addition, Chicago also has many tall buildings, known as "the hometown of skyscrapers". As of July 2018, the population of Chicago was about 2706000. Chicago is one of the most important cultural, scientific and educational centers in the United States. It has the world's top universities, the University of Chicago, Northwest University and the world-famous Chicago school. As of October 2019, more than 100 Nobel laureates have worked and studied in Chicago (100 at the University of Chicago and 19 at Northwestern University). Chicago is a tourist destination. In 2016, it received more than 50 million tourists from all over the world. The time zone of Central American time represented by Chicago is UTC / gmt-6 (West Zone 6), which is 14 hours different from Beijing time at UTC / GMT + 8 (East Zone 8) (13 hours different from Chicago daylight saving time). In 2016, Chicago's GDP reached US $537.3 billion.
芝加哥(Chicago),位于美国密歇根湖的南部,是美国第三大城市,也是世界的国际金融中心之一。芝加哥地处北美大陆的中心地带,城市中心坐标为北纬41°39′、西经87°34′,是美国最大的商业中心区和最大的期货市场之一,其都市区新增的企业数一直位居美国第一位,被评为美国发展最均衡的经济体。此外,芝加哥还拥有很多的高楼大厦,被誉为“摩天大楼的故乡”。截止至2018年7月,芝加哥人口约为270.6万。芝加哥是美国最重要的文化科教中心之一,拥有世界顶级学府芝加哥大学(The University of Chicago)、西北大学(Northwestern University)和享誉世界的芝加哥学派。截止至2019年10月,逾百位诺贝尔奖得主曾在芝加哥工作、求学过(芝加哥大学100位、西北大学19位)。芝加哥是旅游圣地,2016年共接待全世界超过5000万名游客。芝加哥代表的美国中部时间所在的时区是UTC/GMT-6(西六区),与处在UTC/GMT+8(东八区)北京时间相差14小时(芝加哥夏令时期间相差13小时)。2016年,芝加哥地区生产总值达到了5373亿美元。
Joliet(乔利埃特)
Joliet is a city in northeastern Illinois, 56 kilometers southwest of Chicago. Heavy machinery dominated by railway industry is very popular, as well as chemical, paper and other industries. The population is 78000 (1980). The town was built around 1830 and became a city in 1852. Railway and expressway transportation hubs; A river port near the Illinois Michigan canal (the canal connecting Lake Michigan and the Mississippi River). There are coal mines and limestone mines nearby.
乔利埃特是美国伊利诺伊州东北部城市,在芝加哥西南56公里处。以铁路工业为主的重型机械很盛,还有化学、造纸等工业。人口7.8万(1980)。1830年前后建成镇,1852年成为市。铁路、高速公路交通枢纽;临伊利诺伊-密歇根运河(连接密歇根湖与密西西比河的运河)的河港。附近有煤矿和石灰石矿。
Rockford(罗克福德)
The industrial city in Northern Illinois is the second largest city in the state. It is 128 kilometers north of Chicago and close to the Rock River. The population is 137000 (1984) and 279000 (1980) in large urban areas. It was founded in 1834 and established in 1852. There are machine tools, sewing machines, textile machines, agricultural machinery, cement, furniture, leather, papermaking and other industries. Sweden has many descendants of immigrants, mainly engaged in the furniture industry.
美国伊利诺伊州北部工业城市,为本州第二大城市。在芝加哥北约128公里,濒临罗克河。人口13.7万(1984),大市区27.9万(1980)。1834年创建,1852年建市。有机床、缝纫机、纺织机、农业机械、水泥、家具、皮革、造纸等工业。瑞典移民后裔甚多,主要从事家具工业。
CedarRapids(锡达拉皮兹)
Cedar Rapids, located in the east of Iowa, is the second largest city in Iowa and one of the important export cities in the United States. The city is located on both banks of Sida River, 164 kilometers northeast of Des Moines, the state capital. The population is 126326 (2010). The municipal government is located on mays island on the Sida river. Cedar Rapids is one of the few cities in the world where the government is located on the municipal island. As the prosperous art and cultural center of East Iowa, the city has Cedar Rapids Museum of art, the national Czech & Slovak Museum & Library, the paramount theater, the Cedar Rapids and the Iowa cultural corridor (the Iowa cultural corridor alliance). Since the 1990s, sidarapiz's Hollywood stars include Ashton Kutcher, Elijah wook, Ron Livingston, etc. the city is also the musical the Pajama Game and the comedy sidarapiz A good viewfinder.
锡达拉皮兹(Cedar Rapids),位于美国爱荷华州东部,是爱荷华州第二大城市,美国重要的出口城市之一。城市坐落于锡达河两岸,在州府得梅因(Des Moines)东北164公里处。人口12万6326(2010)。市政府坐落在锡达河上的梅斯岛(Mays Island)上,锡达拉皮兹是世界上为数不多的政府位于市属岛上的城市之一。作为东爱荷华繁荣的艺术与文化重心,该城拥有锡达拉皮兹艺术博物馆(Cedar Rapids Museum of Art),国立捷克与斯洛伐克博物图书馆(the National Czech & Slovak Museum & Library),派拉蒙影院(the Paramount Theatre),锡达拉皮兹影院(Theatre Cedar Rapids)以及爱荷华文化长廊(the Iowa Cultural Corridor Alliance)。从上世纪九十年代至今,锡达拉皮兹在好莱坞的影星有阿什顿·库彻(Ashton Kutcher)伊利亚·伍德(Elijah Wook)与罗恩·利文斯顿(Ron Livingston)等人。该城也是音乐剧《睡衣游戏》(The Pajama Game)和喜剧电影《锡达拉皮兹》的取景地。
Dubuque(迪比克)
Dubiuk. A city and river port in eastern Iowa. Near the Mississippi River. Population 62000 (1980). In September 2009, it cooperated with IBM to build the world's first smart city. Railway hub. Immigrants began to settle in 1833 and set up a city in 1837. Industries include agricultural machinery manufacturing, meat packaging, metal and wood processing, etc.
译“杜比尤克”。美国爱荷华州东部城市、河港。临密西西比河。人口6.2万(1980)。2009年9月与IBM合作,建立世界第一个智慧城市。铁路枢纽。1833年移民开始定居,1837年设市。工业有农机制造、肉类包装、金属和木材加工等。
FortDodge(道奇堡)
A city in Iowa. It is 144 kilometers northwest of Des Moines, near the Des Moines River. Population 29000 (1980). The fortress was built in 1850 and became a city in 1869. Railway hub. There are many agricultural products around, and the gypsum deposit in the southeast of the city is 78 square kilometers. The main industries include agricultural machinery factory, chemical fertilizer factory, meat processing factory, fish incubation factory, brick factory, dairy factory, gypsum powder factory, etc.
美国爱荷华州城市。在得梅因市西北144公里处,临得梅因河。人口2.9万(1980)。1850年建要塞,1869年成市。铁路枢纽。周围多农产品,市东南的石膏矿床广达78平方公里。主要工业有农机厂、化肥厂、肉类加工厂、鱼孵化厂、制砖厂、乳制品厂、石膏粉厂等。
MasonCity(梅森城)
Mason City is located in Illinois, USA. Latitude / longitude: 43 ° 09'n / 93 ° 12'w.
梅森城位于美国伊利诺伊州。纬度/经度: 43°09'N / 93°12'W。
SiouxCity(苏城)
Sioux City, a city in the northwest of Iowa, where the county administration of Woodbury county is located. Su city is located along the upper reaches of the Missouri River and at the junction of Iowa, Nebraska and South Dakota. It is often called siouxland together with the surrounding areas. In the past, it was the activity range of the Su tribe, the main tribe of North American Indians, so it got its name. According to the census results in 2005, Sucheng has a population of 83148, while the metropolitan area composed of surrounding towns has a population of about 143053. The main airport of Sucheng is Sioux Gateway Airport (sux / ksux), also known as Col. bud day field, which is located in the southeast suburb of the urban area. Northwest Airlines Flights regularly shuttle between Sucheng and Minneapolis every day. In 1989, a United Airlines Douglas DC-10 airliner, whose hydraulic system failed due to engine failure, failed to make a forced landing and overturned at Sucheng airport, which was known as the "Sucheng air crash", which also made this airport and Sucheng famous. Interstate 29 passes through the urban area of Sucheng along the Missouri River and is the most important external trunk line of the city.
苏城(Sioux City),美国爱荷华(艾奥瓦)州西北部城市,伍德伯里郡(Woodbury County)郡治所在处。苏城位于密苏里河上游沿岸,地处艾奥瓦州、内布拉斯加州与南达科他州交界处,其与周遭地区经常合称为苏兰(Siouxland),在过去曾是北美印地安人主要部族——苏族的活动范围,因而得名。根据2005年时的普查结果苏城有83,148人的人口,而整个周遭市镇所构成的都会区,则有约143,053人的人口。苏城的主要机场是位在市区东南郊的苏城闸门机场(Sioux Gateway Airport,SUX/KSUX),该机场又名“戴上校飞行场”(Col. Bud Day Field),每天有西北航空的班机固定往返苏城与明尼亚波利(Minneapolis)之间。1989年时,一架因为引擎故障结果造成全机液压系统失效的联合航空道格拉斯DC-10型客机在苏城机场迫降失败翻覆,被称为“苏城空难”,也因此使得此机场与苏城声名大噪。29号州际公路沿着密苏里河沿岸经过苏城市区,是该市最重要的联外干线。
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